Nature and ancient wisdom have the solutions to reduce rising temperatures in cities around the world.

Amid record temperatures hitting Spain each summer, Madrid is planning a new urban park that will lower city temperatures by 4 degrees Celsius. An urban forest will function as an air conditioning condenser, creating a microclimate that will disperse to the streets.

The Madrid plans draw on ancient Middle Eastern air-conditioning methods – wind towers which direct cool air into homes.

Tulum railway station in Mexico is passively cooled by its aerodynamic shape. The primary goal in the design process was sustainability, followed by a nod to pre-Hispanic Mayan Architecture through the use of light, shadows, patterns, materials and planting.

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Madrid wind garden to lower temperature by 4C | wind garden – YouTube